Legal Eagle Eye Newsletter for the Nursing Profession (5)8 Aug 97 PDF Version
Quick Summary: In classifying the patient as non-emergent the E.R. nurse followed the hospital's standard screening procedures for the patients presenting complaints, so the court must dismiss the EMTALA lawsuit against the hospital.
This patient came in with foot pain from a fall and abdominal pain. The nurse classified her as non-emergent. Two hours later a relative who phoned in reported she had had arm and chest pain. At this point she was given a cardiac screening and found to be having an acute infarct.
A hospital satisfies the legal requirement of an appropriate screening examination if the hospitals standard screening procedures are applied uniformly to all patients presenting with the same medical circumstances.
The purpose of the EMTALA is to ensure that each patient who comes to the emergency department is accorded the same level of care as other patients, and to prohibit the "dumping" of unstabilized patients. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT, KANSAS, 1997.
The patient was brought in by ambulance to the emergency room. Her vital signs were taken immediately upon arrival. The triage nurse, according to the court record, took a history from the patient of onset of pain in the right foot from falling that morning, the falls having been caused by weakness. The patient also reported pain in her lower left side. The patient was alert and coherent and fully able to give this information to the nurse.
The nurse classified the patients condition as non-emergent. The patient was seen by the emergency room physician twenty-nine minutes after arrival. His history included the fact the patient was an insulin-dependent diabetic, and that she had been vomiting every morning for the past two weeks. He examined her abdomen for tenderness and masses, and ordered routine blood work which came back normal. He got on the phone to try to reach the patients family physician.
Two hours after the patient arrived, a relative phoned in. The relative reported the patient had had arm and chest pain and had blacked out. At this point she was placed on a cardiac monitor. The tracings indicated an acute infarct, so she was sent to the intensive care unit, then transferred to another hospital where she died.
As far as the emergency room nurses initial assessment, the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas ruled there were no grounds for a lawsuit under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA). The nurses assessment of the patient as non-emergent was proper, given the patients presenting complaints, even though the patients condition later proved more complicated. By taking vital signs and a history, assessing the patient and getting a physician to see the patient promptly, the nurse did what was expected of her. Scott vs. Hutchinson Hospital, 959 F. Supp. 1351 (D. Kan., 1997).